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Should i buy a theology research proposal us letter size writing from scratch 69 pages / 18975 wordsClark Haffner Butler College Christopher Achen L.Richardson Preyer '41 Freshman Seminar in Public Service Donald Trump's election surprised most political experts.

His coalition of voters, while similar to other recent elections in many respects, nevertheless exhibited some unusual features, notably his strong support from white working class voters, both men and women .His coalition of voters, while similar to other recent elections in many respects, nevertheless exhibited some unusual features, notably his strong support from white working class voters, both men and women.

Since the 1930s, those voters have generally sided with the Democrats, but not this time.What are the aspects of their lives that motivated them to desert the Democrats? In the first part of the course, we will ask what the Trump victory tells us about the future of American politics 29 Oct 2015 - So, what we get from Dreher are some selected quotations without attending to   opinion on these peer-reviewed essays if I sat there steeping in them for days.   kind of introduction to the Catholic tradition these freshmen get in her class.   I would send my kid to Villanova (though not to study theology)..What are the aspects of their lives that motivated them to desert the Democrats? In the first part of the course, we will ask what the Trump victory tells us about the future of American politics.Are we headed into an era of identity politics, where racial and ethnic divisions take on the same role that class divisions have played since Franklin Roosevelt? In the 19th century, Americans divided along North-South lines and along Protestant-Catholic divisions, not class.Are we likely to see non-economic cleavages dominating elections in the remainder of the 21st century? Many commentators have thought so commercecampus.org/case-study/calculus.php.

Are we likely to see non-economic cleavages dominating elections in the remainder of the 21st century? Many commentators have thought so.

Yet perhaps the single most important fact about the 2016 election is the role of partisanship.At this point, it appears that more than 90 percent of Republicans voted for Trump in spite of his many deviations from standard Republican ideology on economics, foreign policy, and trade policy.Similarly, more than 90 percent of Democrats supported Hillary Clinton, though she won barely half the votes in the primaries and caucuses.Is partisanship always that powerful in elections? Do people nearly always talk themselves into supporting the candidate of their party? What can history and polling data teach us? In the second half of the semester, we will take up the American policy process.

How much are national laws shaped by the president? By Congress? Why are interest groups so powerful, even though most people dislike their role in Washington? Can interest groups be regulated by limiting campaign contributions, or is that answer too naive? What role do political parties play in structuring group influence? Throughout the course, emphasis will be placed on American politics as a democratic process.

How do election outcomes affect what happens in Washington? How are the opinions of ordinary people represented, if at all? Does democracy work approximately as our conventional ideas suggest? Or do we need to rethink entirely our notions of how democracy works? The seminar will lay out a menu of answers to those questions, and students will have the opportunity to think and write about their own views as they develop over the term.) FRS 103 American Places: Architecture, Landscape, and the American Imagination LA Stanley Allen This is a seminar about architecture, landscape, and spatial imagination.Just as there is no single American imagination, there is no fixed American place.

America is a vast and highly diverse landscape, and it deserves to be examined from multiple perspectives.As an antidote to facile generalizations about American identity and imagination, this course will look carefully at a series of case studies — buildings, paintings, gardens, literature, films, photographs, and music — each one highly specific in time and place.Out of many examples, we can begin to construct an idea of America's collective sense of self as it has evolved over time, as well as the contradictions it necessarily encompasses.Central to the seminar is the idea that the American imagination is deeply wedded to the land.The vast expanse of the North American continental landmass was both a daunting challenge and at the same time an open prospect to early settlers.

The New World was different from the Old in part for its expansiveness and its wildness; confronting and transforming the land helped to shape the national consciousness.At the same time, it is impossible to discuss the question of land in America without acknowledging the darker side of history.Slavery was fundamental to the early development of the colonies and the republic, and Native Americans were forcibly removed from their land, killed off by disease and genocide.Places are more than just geography; they are constructed in the imagination, and deeply embedded in complex histories.Each class will focus on a single work, presented in its wider social, historical, and cultural context.

Readings in primary and secondary texts will be supplemented by film, video, and music.Topic areas include, among others, Frank Lloyd Wright's Broadacre City, Hart Crane's poem "The Bridge," Wim Wenders' film Paris, Texas, Stephen Shore's photographic essay "Uncommon Places," Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty, T.C Boyle's novel of eco-activism When the Killing's Done, and Rebecca Solnit's memoir Savage Dreams, about the history of the west.While space would seem to belong to architecture as a discipline, the working premise of the seminar is that no single medium can adequately capture the complexity of the American imagination; hence the wide-ranging, interdisciplinary approach.) FRS 105 Memory and Human Rights Politics in Contemporary Latin American Cultures HA Susana Draper Barrett Family Freshman Seminars How is social memory connected to democratic practices? How have different cultures of memory and human rights developed in Latin America as a response to violence, authoritarianism, and racism? What are their challenges and promises? How do they connect with similar practices in other parts of the world? This course aims to introduce students to the role played by culture in developing different politics of memory and human rights in the recent history of Latin America, from the end of the last military dictatorships to the present.Looking at canonical and marginal literature, testimony, film, photography, cultural critique, museums, and sites of memory, the course will analyze how cultural works on memory and human rights have helped to create connections between past and present histories of both violence and resistance.Although the course focuses on Latin America, it will also look at forms of cultural transfer among memory practices from different parts of the world, such as the Holocaust, post-apartheid South Africa, Black Lives Matter, and Chicano memory practices in the U.) FRS 107 Neurocinematics: Using Films to Explore Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience EC Uri Hasson Donna '78 and Michael S.Pritula '78 Freshman Seminar Manipulating memories, mind reading, recording dreams, brain machine interfaces, mind control, creating machines that can think.These seemingly futuristic topics were once confined to science fiction movies and books.

Now, they are being investigated by labs at the frontiers of neuroscience.At the same time, despite some remarkable breakthroughs, research on these cutting-edge topics is still in its infancy.This seminar will use films as a starting point to evaluate critically advanced topics in neuroscience.We will ask where research in neuroscience stands in relation to each of these futuristic research topics.Where can the research go from here? What is empirically feasible? What are the crucial differences between the cinematic portrayal of scientific ideas and the empirical knowledge produced in state-of-the-art research? When are these differences blurred, leading to misconceptions in the popular culture? And, finally, what are the ethical implications associated with some of the potential breakthroughs in neuroscience? Every two weeks we will watch a movie and use scientific papers to discuss the research topic portrayed cinematically.

Ideas and opinions expressed in the movies are often at odds with our scientific or ethical perspectives, allowing for a critical discussion of the research topic and the questions that arise from the study of these ideas.) FRS 109 The "Other 'F' Word" — Success and Innovation's Sibling? SA John Danner Richard L.Smith '70 Freshman Seminar Princeton students are quite appropriately and understandably focused, if not actually fixated, on success — in the classroom, on the athletic field, and for their emerging careers.

But success has a less well-understood sibling, which is often a precursor and even prerequisite for that success, whether in business, science, athletics, or the arts: failure.Although we may treat failure as a regrettable event, it has the potential to become a strategic resource, invaluable in its ability to show us — sometimes painfully and usually uncomfortably — what we don't yet know but need to in order to succeed in our chosen objective.Failure is like gravity — a subtle, pervasive but invaluable fact of life.The Wright Brothers used it to fly; the ancient Romans to deliver fresh water to 1.5 million residents; and Nobel prizewinners to make profound discoveries in their labs — not to mention entrepreneurs, artists, authors, architects, and athletes who've used the lessons of failure to achieve impressive success.

In short, as much as we might prefer to deny or defy it, failure will likely be a companion in much of what we do, and our attitudes and skill in dealing with it can shape our own trajectory of accomplishment.This seminar will offer incoming freshmen a unique interdisciplinary window into this "other 'f' wor l d" of failure, with an opportunity to see firsthand how valuable it can be in the pursuit of success.In addition to utilizing my own book on this topic, The Other "F" Word: How Leaders, Teams, and Entrepreneurs Put Failure To Work (John Wiley & Sons, 2015), we will explore additional readings from history, technology, behavioral economics, psychology, and even philosophy to anchor our class.Whether by Skype or in person, we will also hear from prominent experts and professionals — from academia, entrepreneurship, politics, and the arts — who will share candidly their own failure-centric insights with their future counterparts.

This seminar is not for the faint-hearted.

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We'll explore some uncomfortable territory, but it should be a fascinating odyssey through both familiar and unfamiliar terrain.Curiosity, creativity, a spirit of open-minded inquiry, and perhaps a dose of humility and humor will be the prerequisites for admission.In the event the seminar is oversubscribed, I reserve the right to invite interested students to submit a short essay outlining their reasons for wanting to join our class Where to get custom writing assistance case study theology professional British College Junior 137 pages / 37675 words Proofreading.In the event the seminar is oversubscribed, I reserve the right to invite interested students to submit a short essay outlining their reasons for wanting to join our class.

(And although it would be especially apt in this case, this will not be a "pass/fail" seminar.) FRS 111 Trumpland SA Andrew Alan Johnson The election of Donald Trump to the American presidency in 2016 came as a shock to many Dominant Characteristics and Predictive Factors that Motivate a nbsp.) FRS 111 Trumpland SA Andrew Alan Johnson The election of Donald Trump to the American presidency in 2016 came as a shock to many.Despite polls indicating otherwise, a wide swath of white Americans in deindustrialized parts of the country — the so-called Rust Belt — voted for Trump, despite being former Obama supporters Dominant Characteristics and Predictive Factors that Motivate a nbsp.Despite polls indicating otherwise, a wide swath of white Americans in deindustrialized parts of the country — the so-called Rust Belt — voted for Trump, despite being former Obama supporters.Closer analysis reveals that the seeds of this movement had been growing for some time, and are rooted in America's deindustrialization, white identity politics, nationalism, populism, and a new "post-truth" relationship with media need to get a science and technology essay Rewriting 57 pages / 15675 words PhD.Closer analysis reveals that the seeds of this movement had been growing for some time, and are rooted in America's deindustrialization, white identity politics, nationalism, populism, and a new "post-truth" relationship with media.This seminar seeks to answer several questions: What are the cultural and social bases for new political movements in the United States? And what understanding can an anthropological perspective on American class, race, and politics provide? This class will examine "Donald Trump's America" by looking at those Americans who supported his campaign.

We will examine conspiracy theory, rural atomization, truth claims, and racial identity politics in light of "Trump-ist" politics, and seek to chart its path forward in an increasingly destabilized political terrain.We will draw from anthropological works as well as history, literary theory, and investigative journalism.Students will emerge from this seminar with a better understanding of the U., especially the Rust Belt, and an appreciation for how to approach political topics from an anthropological lens.

In addition, they will read, write, and evaluate qualitative data.The course will introduce students to critical theory on race (especially whiteness), conspiracy, authoritarianism, and democracy.Through their activities, students will contribute to and draw upon the resources in the new "Trumplandia" project with the Department of Anthropology's VizE Lab.) Forbes College Elena Fratto This seminar examines science fiction in Anglo-American literature and film with special emphasis on its dialogue with the Russian tradition and their mutual influences.We will follow the evolutionary trajectory of the genre: from time-travel to dystopias; from alien invasions to interplanetary encounters; from outer space to cyberspace; from human-machine hybrids to biopolitics.We will discuss foundational literary texts and films by such authors and filmmakers as H.Wells, Aldous Huxley, Evgenii Zamiatin, Isaac Asimov, Stanis aw Lem, Andrei Tarkovskii, Stanley Kubrick, Arkadii and Boris Strugatsky, Philip K.

Dick, Ursula Le Guin, Octavia Butler, and more, with particular attention to the historical and cultural milieu in which these works were produced and to cross-media adaptations.We will analyze the questions, hopes, and anxieties that these narratives address and articulate, the imagery they employ, and the features of the story-worlds they construct.We will discuss how questions of authorship and agency, of narrative time and space, and the definitions of the self, the other, the human, and the post-human are framed and negotiated.) FRS 117 Before the Holocaust: Germans, Jews, Music, and Identity LA Christopher Hailey Shelly and Michael Kassen '76 Freshman Seminar Music is a central medium of cultural assimilation and identity formation.In this seminar, we will examine the role of Jews in German musical culture from the Enlightenment to the eve of the Holocaust.What role did Jews — as creative artists, performers, critics, managers, and audiences — play in German musical life and how did they help shape a national identity? Did their sometimes marginal social status heighten the desire for identification or inspire fresh perspectives through critical distance? And how, in turn, did German Jews, leaders in the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskalah), the rise of Reform Judaism, and political Zionism, guide reassessments of Jewish religious and cultural identity? How could a deep-seated devotion to German music, literature, and philosophy be reconciled with pervasive anti-Semitism or channeled into specifically Jewish cultural aspirations? We will begin by exploring the idea of acculturation and assimilation in the precarious balance of German-Jewish identities through an examination of Moses Mendelssohn and his grandson, Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy.We will then examine the works and writings of five prominent Jewish composers from the 19th and 20th centuries whose music and experience represent different responses to the dilemmas of Jewish and German cultural, ethnic, and religious assimilation: Giacomo Meyerbeer, Gustav Mahler, Arnold Schoenberg, Kurt Weill, and Hanns Eisler.We will also look closely at the music and writing of Richard Wagner, whose essay, "Judaism in Music," forged the language of cultural and racial anti-Semitism, yet whose operas and career trace his own conflicted relationship to Jews and Jewish culture.

This course integrates these musical topics into the broader cultural and political context through readings, both fiction and non-fiction, by selected contemporaries, such as Rachel Varnhagen, Heinrich Heine, Else Lasker-Sch ler, Arthur Schnitzler, and Thomas Mann.Finally, we will study the effects of the German and Austrian exiles of the 1930s — both Jewish and non-Jewish — who transmitted core elements of the German-Jewish experience into new settings, from the Americas to the Middle East, Asia, and Africa.) FRS 119 The Human Toolmaker STN Sabine Kastner Even though humans are not the only tool users in the animal kingdom, there is no other species that has reached the sophistication of humans to utilize objects and materials in their environment as tools.

This ability is human-specific and distinguishes us from non-human primates.In this course, we will learn about the human toolmaker from several different perspectives (including anthropology, evolutionary biology, human development, and neuroscience) to answer questions such as: How is human toolmaking unique among the many toolmakers in the animal kingdom? How did toolmaking evolve? How did the brain adapt to reflect sophisticated toolmaking? Are the neural circuits subserving toolmaking related to other human-specific abilities? What happens when these circuits break? The course will introduce students to toolmaking behaviors observed in animals (from crows to apes), the evolution of toolmaking behaviors in humans and the physical adaptations associated with it (including an introduction to human evolution and stone tool technology), and the neural basis underlying tool use behaviors in the human brain.We will compare the neural circuits that are needed to interact with objects in the world and to transform them into tools in species that are not toolmakers (e.That way the students will gain a deeper understanding of how brain circuits adapt to reflect evolutionarily new abilities.This discussion will introduce students to a wide variety of topics in cognitive neuroscience such as working memory, motor functions related to grasping and reaching, the action recognition system, spatial reference frames (e., peripersonal space), and the (human-specific) tool network.

We will also discuss how damage to the tool network affects behavior.

The seminar will conclude by discussing possible relationships of the evolving human tool system to other human-specific abilities such as the language system and advanced social cognition.) FRS 121 Design, Craft, and Ethical Value EM Guy Nordenson Class of 1976 Freshman Seminar in Human Values A work of design, as opposed to an artifact that has evolved over a long time — say a modern carbon composite kayak as compared to a native Aleutian kayak — is generally thought of as the work of an individual, not that of a collective or a society.In a similar way, art and craft are opposed as being either the unique, sometimes radical, works of individual genius or the opposed incremental and conservative manifestation of a traditional technique.

This difference is in effect a version of the social tension of individual expression against material and social continuity and is often argued in strongly moral terms — either explicitly or implicitly.The idea of buying locally grown food instead of industrialized or imported alternatives, as evidenced by the locavore and slow food movements, is an example of this tension, as is the "craftavism" movement — a combination of craft making and activism.The 19th-century reform and social movement of Arts and Crafts associated with William Morris and John Ruskin has had echoes through the 20th and 21st centuries in the work of important architects and engineers from Frank Lloyd Wright to Renzo Piano, Felix Candela, and Peter Rice.In addition, there have been visual and performing artists such and John Cage and Merce Cunningham or Donald Judd and Isamu Noguchi, whose connections to Zen Buddhist practice as well as avant-garde art and design movements have created links between the neo-Gothic and the Chinese, Korean, and Japanese traditions of highly refined craft practices.This seminar will range over a wide array of historical periods, movements, and fields of practice to explore the value of craft from social and aesthetic perspectives.

The range of topics have been chosen from the perspective of a practicing structural engineer so will cluster around the field of architecture and engineering.Still, as the emphasis will be on design as a craft as well as an art with high aspirations, elucidating how the sometime tension between art and craft is productive and reflects broader social currents, there will be plenty for those whose interests are not necessarily bound for architecture or engineering.The goals of the seminar are to introduce students to a range of historical cases and examples of craftsmanship and to develop explanations and arguments for the ethical value, if any, of craft in the design of institutions, objects, and structures.The seminar will also develop students' writing skills through the development of short papers.) FRS 123 The Smart Band-Aid STN Jeffrey Schwartz The subtext for "The Smart Band-Aid" seminar is to use the topic of "tissue engineering" to help students develop their critical thinking skills and to learn to not be swayed by "hype." We use talks either downloaded from the web or given in person to introduce each of the subjects we cover.Web-based talks are by leaders in their fields; they include bioengineers, chemists, and clinicians.We start with broad-ranging, easily accessible talks and work toward more scientifically focused presentations.

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We also discuss media coverage of several of these topics: Students are often first introduced to advances in science through print media, television, or online reporting, which often lack in-depth, critical assessment.Consider, for example, the buzz surrounding 3D printing, which is often touted in the popular media as the solution to many of our medical needs where complex structures are required.Claims have been made in a biomedical context that are exciting to imagine, but are far-fetched for real implementation; in others, real applications of this technology have been demonstrated, but do not get the popular attention they merit Need to get a custom theology case study US Letter Size British Formatting double spaced.Claims have been made in a biomedical context that are exciting to imagine, but are far-fetched for real implementation; in others, real applications of this technology have been demonstrated, but do not get the popular attention they merit.

It is important for our future scientists, doctors, and medical policymakers, among others, to develop the tools necessary to approach the evaluation of new technologies in terms of proven benefits, apparent limitations, challenges to address these limitations, and determining how to realize some of their more dramatic claims.Links and articles are provided; literature is discussed in class to increase the knowledge base of the group over the course of the semester.

We avoid overemphasizing particular technical issues; given the heterogeneous backgrounds and interest of the students, we focus on conceptual approaches to problem-solving There are so many different ways to spend your time, and in case you have a whole week to   to do! Whether you're an incoming freshman or a returning student, make sure you cross these off   Before coming to Catholic University for move-in day, you will hear from your Orientation   Why I Chose CUA to Study Theology..We avoid overemphasizing particular technical issues; given the heterogeneous backgrounds and interest of the students, we focus on conceptual approaches to problem-solving.In that context, I highlight areas in the articles of interest to the group for further discussion.Four papers are assigned over the semester; the emphasis for them changes from impressions of the talks to detailed analysis of them (hypothesis; claims; "gaps"; suggestions to address gaps).The last talk given is based on my research so that students learn the importance of critically evaluating their own work and to not be afraid to challenge their adviser.The last meeting of the seminar is a brainstorming session, where together we devise a strategy for "organ regeneration.

A basic understanding of chemistry and biology is required, but each topic listed above should be accessible to the student at an introductory level.) FRS 125 Musical Instruments, Sound, Perception, and Creativity STN Daniel Trueman Musical instruments reside at the intersection of sound and acoustics, perception, embodiment, creativity, music theory, social values, and more.

They have also been reinvented in the digital domain, where they take on new form and meaning: human computer interfacing, adaptive instruments, sampling, and speaker design all join the fray.What is the relationship between an instrument's design and its ability to express? How does an instrument's design impact creativity? Where do musical scales come from and how does an instrument's design make possible the range of "color" that emerges from tuning? In this seminar, we will look at the importance of the design of musical instruments — the piano, in particular.We will also consider how musical instruments can be reinvented, both acoustically and digitally.The course will include study of the prepared piano, the autonomous piano, and the digital piano, as well as my own prepared digital piano, which itself raises a host of questions about rhythm, meter and groove, music perception, adaptive digital systems, and the creative process.More generally, we will consider the productive tension between qualitative and quantitative understandings of musical concepts.

This is not a history course, but rather a course that uses musical instruments to bring together topics that are often ignored or under-developed in traditional music curricula.Nor is it a composition course, but students will be asked to create in a variety of ways, and it should be of interest to both experienced and aspiring composers and pianists.We will engage with a range of music, going back to Frescobaldi, Scarlatti, J.Bach, through Schubert, all the way to more recent composers like Conlon Nancarrow, Gy rgy Ligeti, and John Cage.We will also study some of the scientific concepts that are crucial to understanding how musical instruments work.

Finally this is in part an "artist practicum" course, focusing on the creative process and how composers today might invent, and reinvent, instruments to create new work.

Students taking this course should have some experience playing a musical instrument (or singing), and should be able to read music.Some basic background in music theory is also useful.) FRS 127 Big Brothers Are Watching You: Internet Privacy and Security SA Brian KernighanIndividual privacy and security have decreased greatly as the Internet and the World Wide Web, smartphones, and networked gadgets have become pervasive in our lives.

Today we are continuously watched by a remarkable array of systems marshaled by companies, criminals, and governments, including our own.The perpetual surveillance that was such an ominous part of Orwell's 1984 looks benign when compared to the monitoring that we not only enable today, but to which we enthusiastically contribute.In 2013, Edward Snowden revealed that the National Security Agency had been monitoring the phone calls, emails, and Internet use of everyone in the USA.Myriad corporations track us online and in the real world, and have made it hard for anyone to be anonymous.Social networks encourage us to reveal deeply personal information in turn for "keeping in touch.

" Electronic break-ins at businesses and government agencies are frequent; information about customers and employees is stolen in large quantities, to be used for fraud and identity theft.Attacks on individuals are also common; subtle targeted attacks on employees are one of the most common ways that corporate computers are breached.With cloud computing, individuals and companies store their data on servers run by Amazon and others.That data is no longer held directly by its owners but by third parties with different agendas, responsibilities, and vulnerabilities.There's a rapidly growing "Internet of Things" in which cars, security cameras, home electronics, medical equipment, and a great deal of infrastructure all connect to the Internet.

The benefits are compelling but there are many risks, and security for such devices is often weak to nonexistent.Cryptography is one of our few effective defenses, since it lets us keep communications and data storage private.But strong cryptography is under continuous attack.Governments don't like the idea that individuals or companies or terrorists could have secure communications, so there are frequent proposals to require back doors into cryptographic mechanisms that would allow government agencies to subvert our encryption.This seminar provides the necessary technical background to understand how data about us is collected, analyzed, and redistributed.

We will also discuss the social, economic, legal, political, and ethical issues raised by widespread surveillance, and how we might balance the legitimate but competing interests of corporations, governments, and individuals.We will also study ways in which individuals can regain some control over their own information.) FRS 129 Poverty Policies and the Dispossessed in America SA Carol Stack Urban disasters like the flooding of New Orleans in 2005 provide a particular lens on social inequality and the danger zone normally concealed in the mundane practices of democracy.

In this seminar we ask what can we learn about the precarious arrangement of class and race inequality in America by turning to the ruptured social order created by Hurricane Katrina.Drawing from ethnographic accounts, print media, and popular culture, we will examine the findings that turned Katrina into a national debate.During the first three weeks of the seminar, we will turn to the historical controversies over the "culture of poverty," debates that are deeply seeded in urban sociology and anthropology.Together we will identify key controversies in the Moynihan Report and then reframe the discussion in light of the contributions of William Julius Wilson and Susan Greenbaum, two scholars whose work has framed the social policy debates over the causes of persistent poverty.By week four, we begin to dig more deeply into the ethnographic data on the strength or fragility of low-income kin networks by looking cross-culturally at a comparison of African American kin ties and Mexican Immigrant kin networks.

By mid-semester, we will turn to the untidy chaos of disasters and the impact of recovery policies on low-income families.Katherine Browne's award winning Standing in the Need, and Alice Fothergill and Lori Peek's The Children of Katrina, both document the efforts of African American families to get control over their lives in the eye of the storm, and their anguish in the years that follow.The final book for the seminar, Is This America, by Ron Eyerman, brings the readings back full circle to the public debate on social policies of disaster.Eyerman draws from print media, television, and the national debate on poverty, and links poverty and disaster policy together in the context of Katrina.

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Students will write four short papers on the readings and conduct two interviews that draw upon memories and reflections about Hurricane Katrina.

The focus of the second interview is to gather perceptions on the impact of Hurricane Katrina on low-income residents of New Orleans, and on how social order was restored.Their essays will be presented in class during weeks 10 and 11 Students must apply and preregister for freshman seminars before the beginning of each term. To ensure that all applicants share an equal chance at enrolling  .Their essays will be presented in class during weeks 10 and 11.

Students will give one another feedback, and then each student will rewrite their essay as a final essay, 10-15 pages long, that will be due on President's Day.) Mathey College Yuksel Sezgin Professor Amy Gutmann Freshman Seminar in Human Values The course will introduce students to contemporary debates about the role of religion in modern legal systems.We will examine topics such as family law, gender, multiculturalism, and human rights, and focus on both European and non-European cases.In the last two decades, from the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) to the Indian Supreme Court, various courts have issued landmark decisions concerning women's rights, religious freedoms, and secularism which almost universally raised the same normative and political questions: What is the "legal" definition of religion, and what should be considered "religious"? For instance, are Pastafarians entitled to religious protection under the U.Constitution; or in the British context should co-wives in a polygynous Muslim marriage have equal access to social benefits or healthcare as the dependents of the same husband? Adopting a truly comparative perspective, this course will allow students to critically think about such practical and legal questions through lenses of international human rights law and of specific European, Asian, and African legal traditions where to buy contemporary political culture powerpoint presentation A4 (British/European) Business British.

Constitution; or in the British context should co-wives in a polygynous Muslim marriage have equal access to social benefits or healthcare as the dependents of the same husband? Adopting a truly comparative perspective, this course will allow students to critically think about such practical and legal questions through lenses of international human rights law and of specific European, Asian, and African legal traditions.

) FRS 133 Materials World STL Ilhan Aksay Richard L.Smith '70 Freshman Seminar Materials surround and constitute us.

Materials produced by natural geological and biological processes find common use in our daily activities.

We also synthesize materials not usually found in nature.Civilizations evolve with advances in materials.Materials are often identified by the ages of humankind: stone, bronze, iron, and, most recently, silicon.Materials: What are they, how are they made, and how are they used? What materials are in our future? This seminar will address these questions both in the classroom and in the laboratory.Aggregates of atoms, through specific atomic or molecular interactions that define their structure, evolve into materials of the various forms we know as metals, polymers, and ceramics.

A material's properties are determined by the nature of these atomic interactions and structural features.We will begin by examining this interplay among the nature of atomic interactions, the structures that form as a consequence, and the consequent properties of materials.We will continue with a study of the processes used to synthesize and produce materials.Different methods are used depending on the type of material, contrasting human and natural syntheses.Man-made materials are typically produced by high-temperature methods.

On the other hand, biologically produced materials follow a low-temperature approach.Synthetic materials are designed to satisfy only one or two functions, but biologically produced materials are typically multifunctional and have properties (e., self-replicating, self-healing) that have yet to be introduced into man-made materials.The overall objective of this course is to attain an understanding of the important processes for controlling materials properties through nano- and microstructural design and processing.

This course aims to evaluate the possible use of bio-inspired methods in technological applications.Most of the seminar will be spent in a classroom setting.It will involve discussions that address the background information essential to understanding the history of materials, whether produced by humans or biological systems.In addition to the time spent in class, students will conduct five laboratory-based experiments on materials processing and characterization, guided by University researchers.The experiments will range from the first materials produced by humans (clay-based), on to metals and polymers, and ending with materials currently being developed for applications such as lithium-sulfur batteries and conducting polymers.

In addition to the time in discussion and the laboratory, students will be expected to analyze their experimental data and to organize their information in written reports.) FRS 135 State of the Earth: Shifts and Cycles STL Adam Maloof and Frederik Simons Henry David Thoreau Freshman Seminar in Environmental Studies In this freshman seminar, you will combine field observations of the natural world with quantitative modeling and interpretation to answer questions such as: How have Earth and human histories been recorded in the geology of Princeton, France, and Spain, and what experiments can you do to query such archives of the past? In the classroom, through problem sets, and around campus, you will gain practical experience collecting geological and geophysical data in geographic context.You will analyze these data using statistical techniques such as regression and time series analysis, with the programming language MATLAB ( /products/ ).

During the required one-day trip to the Catskills and week-long fall break trip to France and Spain, you will engage in research projects that focus on the cycles and shifts in Earth's shape, climate, and life that occur now on timescales of days, and have been recorded in rocks over timescales of millions of years.The classroom component of this seminar will have graded (bi)weekly assignments built around on-campus data collection, data preparation or analysis, and scientific programming.A significant part of your assessment comes from writing assignments that teach you to communicate your scientific results, and culminates in an original research paper and an oral presentation for an audience of peers, freshman seminar alumni, and invited guests from the University community.This seminar is a science class: you should come prepared with an aptitude for, and a willingness to learn, the quantitative aspects of scientific inquiry.Scientific writing and computer programming are integral parts of this seminar and its assessment.

We teach and require the use of the document preparation program LaTeX ( )! For more information, see /people/simons/ (Thursday 1:30–4:20 p.) FRS 137 Intellectual Foundations of Modern Conservatism SA Thomas Kelly Kurt and Beatrice Gutmann Freshman Seminar in Human Values In this reading- and writing-intensive seminar, we will critically examine some of the fundamental ideas and central themes of modern political conservatism.Each week, we will read and discuss a seminal paper or book excerpt from a leading conservative theorist.We will attempt to better understand conservative thought, and develop a framework for assessing its strengths and weaknesses, with respect to a number of representative topics, including: distributive justice, the role of the free market, and the apparent tension between liberty and equality; the nature of crime and criminal justice; and social conservatism and the role of religion in society.

We will also explore some broader conservative themes that appear repeatedly in the discussion of these and other topics, including conservative critiques of "good intentions," "political correctness," and the political and cultural influence of intellectual and cultural elites.Some attention will be paid to the diversity of, and tensions between, the varieties of conservatism: What, if anything, do libertarian or economic conservatives have in common with social or religious conservatives, or conservatives who advocate a "law and order" approach to crime, such that it makes sense to consider them all "conservatives"? Our readings will be drawn from a variety of sources, including philosophers, economists, social scientists, and legal theorists.) FRS 139 Everyday Enchantment: Blurring the Boundary Between the Arts and Life LA Barbara White Professor Roy Dickinson Welch Freshman Seminar in Music A sculpture made of half-chewed lard.

A group of commuters in Grand Central Station suddenly and inexplicably stopping, standing still for 10 seconds, then continuing on their way.Song lyrics incorporating the last words of a man who died in police custody.It is common for artworks to represent everyday life, but more and more, artists in all disciplines take materials directly from their surroundings.Instead of imitating city sounds, a composer might use the actual sounds of bells or traffic or crickets, reshaping background noise into something to puzzle over, wonder at, and even buy.However, the boundary between ordinary and special does not give up without a fight.

For example, a Manhattan gallery recently mounted an exhibit of Instagram photos, selected and printed by an established artist.His reproductions sold for tens of thousands of dollars, inciting controversy.Those who initially created and posted the images responded by selling prints of their own originals — for much lower prices.

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The repackaging of humble materials is not new.

Many artists in various disciplines have smudged the boundary between art and life, as when Marcel Duchamp (in)famously placed a bicycle wheel on a pedestal in 1913.

(It is now held by the Philadelphia Museum of Art Table of Contents UAFWB Bible College.(It is now held by the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

) Forty years later, John Cage created an equally mischievous piano piece composed only of silence.In the 1960s, choreographer Yvonne Rainer explored "pedestrian movement," and Yoko Ono instructed performers to make art of the eating of a tuna sandwich, the utterance of a cough, or the removal of clothing.Earlier generations of experimental artists seemed to revel in mystification and countercultural status, but today we take for granted that everyday experience can be aesthetically invigorating.With ubiquitous digital media and technology, the arts become less distinct from ordinary experience, and individual artistic disciplines get mixed up too how to get a custom history dissertation Vancouver British Business.

With ubiquitous digital media and technology, the arts become less distinct from ordinary experience, and individual artistic disciplines get mixed up too.

Such blurring of boundaries raises questions about aesthetics, authorship, expertise, spectatorship, commodification, and community.This seminar seeks enchantment in everyday experience, considering the allure and the danger of mixing up life and art.In addition to studying and writing about historical artworks, students will research current-day practice and will complete open-ended creative projects.Experience in any artistic discipline is welcome but is by no means required; more important is a spirit of curiosity and exploration.For our purposes, "art" refers not only to visual art but to a wide variety of creative undertakings that result in performances, objects, rituals, stunts, and other possibilities we will soon discover.

) FRS 141 Life in a Nuclear-Armed World SA Zia Mian In an April 1945 memo to President Harry Truman, Secretary of War Henry Stimson announced the coming of the nuclear age.The United States, Stimson wrote, was about to complete "the most terrible weapon ever known in human history, one bomb of which could destroy a whole city." He warned that "the world… would be eventually at the mercy of such a weapon.

In other words, modern civilization might be completely destroyed." Four months later, on hearing the news that America's atom bomb had destroyed its first target, the Japanese city of Hiroshima, President Harry Truman declared, "This is the greatest thing in history.President to visit Hiroshima, Barack Obama said of the 100,000 people killed in that first atomic bombing, "Their souls speak to us.

They ask us to look inward, to take stock of who we are and what we might become." He observed that "The scientific revolution that led to the splitting of an atom requires a moral revolution as well" and went on to say that "nations like my own that hold nuclear stockpiles, we must have the courage to escape the logic of fear and pursue a world without them." This course will look at what it has meant to live with the bomb in America, how and why the bomb has spread to other states, the threat of nuclear terrorism, the links between nuclear weapons and civilian nuclear energy programs, and the seven-decade-long effort to ban the bomb.We will unpack some of the meanings of the nuclear age, using scholarly and popular writings as well as movies and documentary films.We will look at the design, development, production, maintenance, and preparations to use nuclear weapons, and the associated economic, political, social, cultural, psychological, and environmental costs.

We will engage with the lives of people in nuclear communities, from the bomb builders to those tasked to use them; the struggles of the anti-nuclear movement; and the prospects of success for the talks involving more than 100 countries starting in 2017 on a treaty to ban nuclear weapons.) FRS 143 So, You Want To Change the World? SA Martin Johnson FRS 147 Reinforcement Learning and Decision Making STN Yael Niv The Stansky Family Freshman Seminar You are at the college dining hall, faced with lots of options but holding only a small(ish) plate.How do you choose? In this seminar, we will discuss how trial-and-error learning gives rise to the everyday behavior of mice (well, more often in the lab, rats) and people.

We will take a modern, integrative approach to phenomena that grew from classic animal-learning paradigms such as classical conditioning and instrumental conditioning, examining them through the lens of computational models of learning and decision making and current neuroscientific knowledge.We will answer questions such as: Why do we have such a hard time walking away from rewards (and how is this exploited by fortune tellers? How best can we train a dog to do new tricks (and how does this apply to bringing up children? Why do we sometimes find ourselves performing an action out of habit, even though we have no desire for its outcome (e., opening the fridge as we walk into the kitchen, even though we are not hungry)? Why do we press the "walk" button at an intersection more times when we are in a hurry (surely once is enough)? How do learning processes go awry in addiction? For each topic, we will discuss behavioral and psychological findings, computational algorithms that underlie this behavior, and the neural hardware (and software) that implements the algorithms in the brain.The overarching goal is to develop an integrative picture of how the brain implements the computations that are necessary in order to bring about day-to-day behavior as we know it.

In addition, this seminar will teach students: 1) to pose precise hypotheses about learning and decision making; 2) to design creative experiments that can illuminate a certain computation or strategy that the brain might use; 3) the computational tools necessary to understand intuitively the theory of reinforcement learning; 4) the strengths of a combined behavioral and computational approach to understanding the neural basis of decision making; and 5) personal learning practices that work well for you (in this course and beyond).) FRS 151 Time Capsules for Climate Change, To Be Opened at Your Reunions STN Robert Socolow Henry David Thoreau Freshman Seminar in Environmental Studies This seminar is about thinking about the future: our own future, the future of various communities that we are part of, the future of humanity, and the future of the planet.What will be important? What will be startling? We will use climate change as the vehicle to understand what thinking about the future involves.

You will create five time capsules, to be opened at your Commencement in 2021 and at your 5th, 10th, 25th, and 50th Reunions.You will place them in the University archives in January 2018.One portion of each capsule will be reserved for predictions about your own futures.But the core of the course will be climate change: the problem and its putative solutions.You will make both quantitative and qualitative estimates bearing on specific issues that, as a group, you will choose early in the term.

You might predict the sources of electricity that will power the gadgets that you own in various decades.Or, the measures to defend against sea level rise that some coastal city will be pursuing.Your essays, I predict (!), will include thoughtful consideration of uncertainty.Perhaps each of you will put in the capsule your numerical prediction about some outcome in, say, 2031, and agree about how to reward the one who guessed best.

Over the weeks of the course, my lectures will become a smaller fraction of each three-hour class, in favor of your own presentations to each other and me.

My lectures will introduce the Earth as a physical system; human-related additions to the flows of carbon; fossil, nuclear, and renewable energy; uses of energy and land; and low-carbon policy.Our principal level of analysis will be global, with attention to equity within and across countries.We will confront deliberate climate modification (geoengineering).You will work on your time-capsule insertions in small groups, and each of you will work on two issues (with different partners for each question).Working in groups of three, the 15 students in the seminar will prepare 10 essays for the capsules.

Your mid-semester and final graded essays will be elaborations of your contributions to the group essays.Admission into the course will require a short statement about how you will contribute to the course and, perhaps, how we might modify the course to make it more valuable to you.) Rockefeller College Jean-Christophe de Swaan John H.

'67 Freshman Seminar Examples of ethical transgressions in financial markets abound, despite a slew of high-profile scandals exposed over the past two decades.The global financial crisis arguably highlighted the extent to which we seem to have made little progress in stamping out unethical behavior in markets.

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This seminar will explore ethics in financial markets using a case-based method.Our approach will be grounded in an understanding of the role of a financial system in an economy and society.

We will frame the discussion by reviewing the economic development and egalitarian arguments in favor of markets and considering their limits American Free Will Baptist Bible College and Graduate School of Theology   and in order to relieve some of that stress, we strive to afford each student with   Liberal Christian Studies, Theology, Biblical Studies, Ministry and Christian   policy applies: A. Within thirty (30) days from the date of enrollment, 80% refund..We will frame the discussion by reviewing the economic development and egalitarian arguments in favor of markets and considering their limits.

We will address the seminar's topic from various angles, drawing on financial theory and concepts of behavioral ethics, corporate governance, economic development, and public policy.In addressing ethical issues, a few themes will be emphasized throughout the semester: • An attempt to distinguish ethical issues that are systemic in nature from those that relate to individual decision-making and character.• For the systemic issues, a comparison of corporate governance across national financial markets, with an emphasis on the United States, China, Japan, and India, and how the typical conflicts of interest encountered in each of these countries might be linked to the nature of their financial systems 1 Nov 2017 - Throughout the course, emphasis will be placed on American politics   this course will look carefully at a series of case studies — buildings,   Chicano memory practices in the U.S. (Wednesday 1:30–4:20 p.m.)   computations that are necessary in order to bring about day-to-day behavior as we know it..• For the systemic issues, a comparison of corporate governance across national financial markets, with an emphasis on the United States, China, Japan, and India, and how the typical conflicts of interest encountered in each of these countries might be linked to the nature of their financial systems.• For the issues related to individual decision-making, case studies will illustrate various patterns observed in markets, from outright deceit, fraud, and manipulation to more nuanced mishandling of conflicts of interest commercecampus.org/presentation/help-me-write-world-war-ii-presentation-single-spaced-academic-british.

• For the issues related to individual decision-making, case studies will illustrate various patterns observed in markets, from outright deceit, fraud, and manipulation to more nuanced mishandling of conflicts of interest.

For the latter, we will pay particular attention to the concept of "bounded ethicality" and the gray areas in which financial actors have to balance a complex web of duties and incentives.Many of these discussions will center on the conflicts that arise from agent-principal relations such as corporate executives acting on behalf of shareholders and investment managers acting on behalf of clients.• A discussion of role models — finance professionals who pursue their self-interest in a responsible manner, in ways that seek to benefit society rather than extract value from it.Some of these individuals will visit the seminar to discuss specific decisions they made that are at odds with the path taken by their peers.• An exploration of the economic and social value of investments and which types of investments might create the most positive impact beyond financial returns.

This seminar is targeted at a broad group of students, including students who have an interest in financial markets from an investment, economic development, or public policy perspective, as well as those who have an interest in concepts of moral reasoning applied to finance.There are no specific prerequisites for the class, although having taken introductory economics will help.The course will feature several guest speakers, including a business leader, a regulator, and finance practitioners, who are ethical role models who can provide a personal perspective on conflicts of interest encountered in financial markets and specific ways in which they have tried to address them during their careers.) FRS 153 Epidemics in World History HA Adrian L pez-Denis Barrett Family Freshman Seminars How have long-distance connections that have accompanied the development of capitalism contributed to the spread of infectious disease? How has pathological globalization contributed to the appeal of isolationism as a political response to the rise of capital? How can we revisit old debates about the role of agency and structure, using pandemics as case studies? This course will use a series of catastrophic encounters between humans and pathogens as starting points for the study of the development of global capitalism since the 14th century.We will also discuss the problematic relationship between cosmopolitanism and imperialism as illustrated by the tense relationship between the epidemiology of disease spread and the geopolitics of disease control.Special attention will be paid to six major topics, chronologically arranged: (1) the role of commerce in the spread of disease throughout the Old World; (2) the impact of differential immunities in European expansion; (3) the epidemiological consequences of industrialization and revolution; (4) the parallel rise of bacteriology and modern imperialism; (5) the medical side of 20th-century warfare; and (6) the globalization of disease in the age of AIDS and SARS.) FRS 157 Sanctuary EM Dean Eva Gossman Freshman Seminar in Human Values What does "sanctuary" mean? This term has become an often-controversial statement of activism by religious institutions, by universities and colleges, by cities and towns, and even by restaurants.This seminar has two interconnected components: academic and service.The academic component is an exploration of concepts of sanctuary, refuge, supplication, intercession, and "welcoming the stranger" in a range of historical and cultural settings.The service component entails working in Princeton in partnership with local organizations on research and service projects related to immigrants, refugees, and the broader community through the University's Community-Based Learning Initiative.The academic topics covered include: asylum and supplication in ancient Greece and Rome; sanctuary and intercession in the religious texts of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam; sanctuary in medieval Europe; the rise of the modern nation-state; historical acts of civil disobedience on behalf of those "seeking refuge"; and contemporary "sanctuary" movements in the United States.

How has this concept been imagined, enacted, violated, or ignored in different places at different times? Who drew the boundaries of sanctuary as a physical, legal, and moral space? Texts include poetry, drama, fiction, sacred texts, philosophical and ethical treatises, films, interviews, oral histories, and scholarly literature from a range of disciplines.Requirements include 100 pages reading weekly, small group research and service projects, two short essays, and a collaborative final project in the form of a report on findings made during the course.) FRS 159 Science, Technology, and Public Policy SA Harold T.

Shapiro The overall objective of this seminar is to understand and assess how American scientists and U.science policy have served the interests of the nation, the U.Government, and the scientific community.

Moreover, where appropriate, we will discuss the ethical issues that often arise in these contexts.The seminar will begin with a lecture/discussion that identifies the interrelationship between science, technology, economic growth, and public policy.We will also identify the tools available to federal and state governments to both invigorate and direct the national scientific enterprise.In this initial meeting we will also consider the specific example of the use of new science and technology to achieve particular political aims (i., victory) in World War II, its impact on the war and on science more broadly.Moreover, this example will help us sketch out just how this formative experience in World War II reshaped post-war U.government attitudes both for the support of science and technology ("policy for the support of science and technology") and the reliance of governments on science and technology to achieve particular public policy objectives ("science and technology in support of policy").All subsequent sessions of the seminar will revert to a more purely seminar format where students share the responsibility for both leading and participating in the discussions.

Once in this more purely seminar format (i., by our second meeting) the next three sessions will focus on three case studies of important national issues that involve the intersection of science, technology, and public policy.In particular we will discuss the legal, scientific and policy issues that emanated from the development of: first, Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) along with human reproductive cloning and embryonic stem cell research; second, global warming; and third, our national energy policy.In all these cases the focus will be on the new technological options available and the respective role of science, scientists, public policy, ethics, and law in addressing the potential of: a) ART, human reproductive cloning and stem cell research; b) the domestic and international policy challenges surrounding global warming; and c) the nation's energy challenges.

With this as background, the seminar will consider more carefully the relationship of science and technology to economic growth and the manner by which federal policies can influence these matters.In this context we will turn to a fuller discussion of the evolving role of the U.government in stimulating/directing the growth of science and technology, as the government itself becomes more dependent on new achievements on the scientific frontier.In subsequent meetings of the seminar we will focus on a series of areas in which developments on the scientific frontier raise important additional issues for U.

We will consider such areas as: classical and contemporary eugenics, public health policies surrounding vaccines and contagious diseases, the use of human subjects in medical research, and the details of just how government decisions are made in the process of setting public policies in the U.If time permits the seminar will conclude by considering a few additional issues on the frontiers of science and technology policy such as: globalization, developments in neurobiology, fusion energy, the environment, the science and technology workforce, etc.

Through the course of our discussions, we will come to see the many inherent and potential conflicts of interest that may arise when scientists serve as advocates and advisors in heated policy debates where egos, money, and power are at stake.) FRS 161 Into the Woods! What Disney Didn't Tell You About Fairy Tales LA Volker Schroder Class of 1975 Freshman Seminar There is much more to fairy tales than the simplified and sanitized versions for children that we've all grown up with.This seminar will attempt to explore the complex history of the fairy tale genre and to address the many critical questions it raises: What exactly is a fairy tale? How does it differ from other types of "folk tales," and, more generally, from myth and legend? Who used to tell those enchanting stories and to whom? When did they come to be written down and printed and for what audience? How have their forms, meanings, and functions evolved over time and across cultures? We will examine issues such as gender roles, family dynamics, social structure, and the relations between humans and animals.

While the disturbing "darker side" of fairy tales — sadism and cannibalism, incest and infanticide — will have to be courageously confronted, their humorous, playful, subversive, and utopian dimension will not be neglected.The readings for this seminar will revolve around the most famous "tale types" but also include some lesser-known narratives.We will study the canonical texts by the Brothers Grimm and Charles Perrault and discover a number of other versions, ranging from ancient Rome to the Italian Renaissance and the French 18th century.

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We will also read a selection of diverse and often conflicting interpretations of these stories by historians, folklorists, psychoanalysts, and literary critics.Although the primary focus will be on the European fairy tale tradition, attention will also be paid to its counterparts in non-Western cultures.

The second half of the course will examine the literary fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen and Oscar Wilde and conclude with contemporary Anglo-American retellings of the classical narratives In order to facilitate student admission to Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary   and should be completed well in advance of the deadline, which is 30 days before   to undertake basic musicianship studies in the freshman year, and (b) a level of   In the case of non-keyboard music majors, students will take a Piano  .The second half of the course will examine the literary fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen and Oscar Wilde and conclude with contemporary Anglo-American retellings of the classical narratives.

Throughout the semester, we will consider the ways fairy tales have been illustrated over the centuries as well as their presence in opera, ballet, and musical, and watch various video clips and feature films.Participants in this seminar will be expected to read thoroughly and critically the texts assigned for each meeting (ca.100 pages per week), to participate actively in class discussion, and to introduce and lead one discussion session.Written assignments will consist of weekly responses to the readings (online discussion board), a short midterm paper, and a longer (critical or creative) final paper .

Written assignments will consist of weekly responses to the readings (online discussion board), a short midterm paper, and a longer (critical or creative) final paper.

The seminar requires the willingness to engage with "strange," non-Disneyfied stories and to question one's assumptions about the nature and purpose of fairy tales.) FRS 163 Rockonomics: The Economics of Music SA Alan Krueger Professor Burton G.Malkiel *64 Freshman Seminar This freshman seminar will introduce students to the economics of the music industry.

The music industry will be broadly defined, encompassing genres from rock and roll music to classical music, and activities from music lessons to live concerts and digital recordings.Economics is at the core of the music industry.Economic incentives influence virtually all aspects of the music business, from the music that is produced to the devices that carry it for listeners, and from the amount of touring that bands do to the prices that fans pay to attend a live performance.The most successful bands follow sound economic practices and find sustainable business models.

Other groups sink into debt and dissolve because of excessive expenses or failure to sufficiently recover revenues from ticket sales, recordings, and merchandise.

The seminar will begin by exploring the economics of concert ticket pricing.In particular, why are concert tickets priced the way they are? Why is there a secondary market for tickets? Why do the best seats tend to be underpriced and sold out? The familiar forces of supply and demand plainly play a role in ticket pricing.But other factors also matter, such as a desire by performers to be viewed as giving value to fans and the benefit for fans and performers alike of having a sold-out house.An understanding of concert ticket pricing carries important lessons for understanding and optimally setting pricing for other events, services, and goods.For example, successful bands have learned how to navigate the trade-off between maximizing short-term revenue as opposed to long-term popularity and profitability.

Other topics to be covered include: 1) the economics of superstars; 2) the influence of technological change, such as digitization, and the Internet and streaming, on the economics of the music industry; 3) the proclivity for hucksters and con artists to take advantage of musicians; 4) the role of herd behavior in musical fads; 5) the trade-offs involved in intellectual property rights protection; and 6) a quantitative analysis of the contribution of music to human welfare.Lessons that can be drawn from the music industry for the rest of the economy will be emphasized throughout the course, such as the forces that are moving the U.economy toward a winner-take-all economy.) Whitman College Heather Howard Over the last century, the United States has made substantial health improvements, including increased life expectancy.Yet, despite that progress, and even though we spend approximately one-sixth of our gross domestic product on health care (more than any other industrialized nation), we have significant, and persistent, health care disparities and gaps in health access and outcomes.We are beginning to understand that there is more to individual and community health than habits, health care, or even our genes.Indeed, the context of our lives — where we live, work, and play — helps determines our health status.

This course will explore the social determinants of health, including economic opportunity (or lack thereof), environmental influences, educational resources, social capital, and public safety.This course will examine the factors affecting health status from the unique perspective of Trenton.New Jersey's capital, Trenton is a diverse city with approximately 84,000 residents, has low home ownership rates and one of the state's highest rates of violent crime, and one-third of its children live in poverty while nearly one-half are obese.In the face of these challenges, the Trenton Health Team — a community health improvement collaborative — is working to improve health outcomes and contain health care costs in Trenton.We will partner with them to learn about the challenges in improving health status.

The proposed partnership will allow students to explore the complex factors affecting the health of a community and the roles of community-based organizations, the government, and health care providers in addressing health inequities and improving health status.A series of readings will expose students to the current academic literature, and students will be exposed to the work of the Trenton Health Team through visits to the city and meetings with community leaders and service providers.Seminar participants will work on group projects that will inform the work of the Trenton Health Team, and each student will do independent research on a topic of their choosing for their final paper.) FRS 167 Neuroethics EM Charles Gross Neuroethics is the study of ethical, social, and political issues arising from discoveries in neuroscience.Among the questions we may consider are: Can drugs make us happier, smarter, or more lovable? When does consciousness start in the animal kingdom and end from injury or disease? Can thoughts and lies be imaged? How does neuroscience impact on ethical and legal responsibility? Does ethics have a neural basis? What types of experiments should be allowed on humans and animals? When does ethical behavior appear in childhood and in evolution? What are the brain differences between males and females and between people who identify as straight or gay and what are their origins and relevance? What happened to psychosurgery? To eugenics? How common is cheating in science? How has neuroscience supported sexism and racism, at least in the past? Starting in the fifth week, the most important part of the course will be student oral reports on one of the following topics: Drugs 2.Cognitive enhancement of attention and memory in adults 3.How (and why) the brains of women and men are different and what difference does that make? 6.How (and why) are the brains of homosexuals and heterosexuals different? Imaging 7.Can imaging be used as a lie detector? 8.Should/can imaging be used for things like job applications, detecting criminal tendencies, advertising, politics, dating? Racism and Sexism 9.How has neuroscience (or biology generally) been used to justify racism, at least in the past? 10.

How has neuroscience (or biology generally) been used to justify sexism, at least in the past? Life and Death 12.If the brain determines behavior, where does that leave the justice system? Development 14.Is the teen brain different: Social, educational, legal implications? 15.Should football and similar sports be banned because of the risk of brain injury? 16.deaf activism Psychosurgery Hey, everyone! Bill and Connor here, and we’re behind the DC Secret Menu, the hidden spots throughout Washington that should be on your radar. We figure it’s time to get down to an important part of our Secret Menu–the sweet stuff.But if you haven’t read our earlier blog post – be sure to check it out here! If you are looking for that sweet treat or a … Continue reading The D.